The railroad changed the West and the world in many different ways. In the mid 19th Century, the US expanded its rail lines west. The railroad made it much faster to travel across the American West.

Phoenix grew from railroad expansion. The city became the trade hub of Arizona and the state capitol moved from Prescott to Phoenix.

The population and business growth demanded more hotels for visitors and A.D. Walsh built a hotel on the corner of 6th Avenue in Adams street in downtown Phoenix to accommodate government officials and tourists visiting the valley. The hotel changed its name in 1925 and added a third story. It has since gone through renovation in the 1950s and is now no longer a hotel, but a home for the elderly.

The Hotel-Windsor is one of several historical hotels in downtown Phoenix.