Filed Under Water

Fishing the Desert

Fish hatcheries are the last thing people probably think about when they think of Arizona. During the Great Depression, however, raising fish meant jobs.

The Hunt Bass Hatchery was initially commissioned in May of 1932 by Governor George W.P. Hunt as a means to “relieve [the] local situation regarding [the] unemployed” following the Great Depression. With the support of the federal government's "New Deal" Hunt and the federal Works Progress Administration (WPA) attempted to put Arizonans back to work. The WPA was authorized to construct and supply the Arizona Game and Fish Department with man-made lakes that became some of Arizona’s most recognized warm-water fish hatcheries during the mid-20th century.

The hatchery initially was made up of six lakes. In 1934-35, the Civilian Conservation Corps constructed two additional lakes known today as the Scottsdale and Tempe Lake in order to expand the growing hatchery. All eight lakes were built in the center of the Papago Park stretching 200 acres of land. The hatchery lakes used more than 250 acre-feet (enough wage to cover a football field a foot deep) of water purchased through the Salt River Valley Water Users Association that was supplied by the Salt River Project. Water canals. The water traveled down the canals into the uppermost pond that fed down into the remaining ponds and eventually rejoined the canals further downstream. The hatcheries bred predominantly Largemouth Bass, Smallmouth Bass, Bluegill, and Perch.

In addition to providing jobs, Governor Hunt stated that the hatchery was “to be used exclusively for the propagation of fish…to be used for the restocking of lakes and streams." Many of the fish produced within this hatchery were shipped out of Papago Park in order to restock various lakes and reservoirs such as Saguaro Lake. By 1941, the Hunt Bass Hatchery had become one of the most important warm-water hatcheries in Arizona. At peak production, the Hunt Bass Hatchery raised 278,000 largemouth bass a year.

Located in one of the least ideal places for the commercial fishing industry, the success of the hatchery turned heads. According to the Arizona Republic during this period, many people had begun to consider commercial fishing as “Arizona’s newest industry” due to the success of fisheries such as the Hunt Bass Hatchery. Ultimately, the hatchery ended production in 1959 when Arizona’s Game and Fish decided to end their lease with the City of Phoenix. In 1962, the grounds in which the Hunt Bass Hatchery still exists was leased to the Phoenix Zoo.

edited 12/23/2019:wt



Hunt Bass Fish Hatchery Six of the eight lakes at the hatchery were build by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in 1932. Two additional lakes were built by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) between 1934-1935. Source: Arizona Historical Society, 83.37.1.
Lakes from Hole-in-the-Rock Papago Park was chosen for the hatchery due to the ideal temperature for breeding bass. Source: Arizona Game and Fish Department, "Papago Park," provided by Mike Demlong, Wildlife Education Program Manager.
WPA Plaque Works Progress Administration plaque that addresses the significance of the Hunt Bass Hatchery. Text on the plaque says: USA Work Program WPA Hunt Bass Hatchery Erected A.D. 1936 Sponsored by Arizona State Game Department O.P.No. 65-2-544 Creator: Sara Ringel Date: 2014
WPA Monument Works Progress Administration monument that addresses the significance of the Hunt Bass Hatchery Creator: Sara Ringel Date: 2014
A derelict part of the hatchery waterworks where Bass were bred as part of the Hunt Hatchery program. The demolition of this part of the nursery began March 17, 2014. As of 2015, it was no longer in existence. Creator: Sara Ringel Date: 2014
Deteriorating Fish Nursery Nursery inside the Phoenix Zoo where Small and Large Mouth Bass were bred. As you can see, it has been overrun by vegetation. Demolition of this part of the nursery began March 17, 2014. As of 2015, it was no longer in existence. Creator: Sara Ringel Date: 2014
Lakes of the Hunt Bass Hatchery One of the lakes that made up of the Hunt Bass Hatchery before the Phoenix Zoo was established.



Sara Ringel and Cody Ferguson, “Fishing the Desert,” Salt River Stories, accessed December 5, 2023,